ICSI Treatment

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

One of the most popular assistive reproductive techniques, ICSI can greatly supplant the in-vitro fertilization process and help give a ray of hope to child-less couples. ICSI as a procedure is mostly performed on men who are infertile and encompasses mostly 50% of all IVF treatments. As a method of conception, it is reliable, economical and has a high success rate.

 

  • In practice, the procedure is simple: it requires only one sperm which is used to fertilize the egg by injecting it directly into it. The fertilized embryo is then transferred to the womb of the intended mother.
  • It is mainly used in those cases where the sperm cannot travel to the egg at all or it can travel to the egg but cannot fertilize it. The advantage of intracytoplasmic sperm injection is that the sperm need not travel or penetrate into the outer layers of the egg as it is injected directly into it.

 

ICSI is quite advantageous for couples where:

 

  • The male partner has low sperm count or abnormally shaped sperm that cannot swim properly and hence cannot fertilize the egg due to impaired motility.
  • Ejaculation problems in the male partner owing to spinal injuries incurred in combat operations or during vehicular accidents. Even diabetes can also contribute to erectile dysfunction.
  • When sperm cannot be ejaculated, it is obtained surgically through the epididymis. This usually happens when the male partner has undergone vasectomy which cannot be reversed.

 

For ICSI to be successful, the female partner is administered drugs that will improve the development of mature eggs from ovaries which are ten removed surgically. Her male partner will be asked to provide a sperm sample in a cup through masturbation or through surgery under anaesthesia, if sperms cannot be obtained manually. Some cases might require a biopsy which is called testicular sperm extraction.

 

Once the sperm has been obtained, an expert embryologist will isolate individual sperms in the laboratory and inject them in the eggs. Two days later, embryo develops and it is thereafter transferred to the womb of the female patient completing the ICSI procedure.

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